Dr. James Barry was born Miranda Stuart in 1795. The future Inspector-General of the British Army Medical Corps began to live as a young man at age ten in 1809 when he entered medical school. He graduated from Edinborough Medical College in 1812 and a year later became a doctor in the British army. He performed the first successful Caesarean section where both mother and child survived. He worked as a medical inspector in South Africa and as a medical officer in Jamaica, Saint Helena, Barbados, Antigua, Malta, Corfu, the Crimea, and Montreal. He was promoted to the rank of Inspector-General, with rank equivalent to major-general, in 1858 at sixty-four after forty-six years of army service. He died in London, where he had been born, on 26 July 1865. The revelation after his death that he was anatomically female was denied by his medical colleagues.